On sabbatical Fall, 2021
Professor of Law
Phone: (713) 313-7276
Joined the faculty in 2013.
J.D., 2009 University of California, Berkeley School of Law
Ph.D., 2006 University of California, Santa Barbara
M.T.S., 2000 Harvard Divinity School
B.A., magna cum laude, 1998 University of Houston
Professor, Thurgood Marshall School of Law, Houston, TX (2018-Present)
Associate Professor, (Tenured 2017) Thurgood Marshall School of Law, Houston, TX (2013-2018)
Chair, Subcommittee on Prisoner Education, American Bar Association (2014-present)
Contributing Editor, Jotwell Criminal Law (2015-present)
Contributing Editor, The Islamic Monthly (2016-present)
Editorial Board, Race and the Law Prof Blog (2020 to present)
Executive Committee Member, AALS Section on Law & Religion (2018-present)
Executive Committee Member, AALS Section on Minority Groups (2018-present)
Fellow, Institute for Social Policy & Understanding, Washington D.C. (2012-2016)
Board of Governors, Society of American Law Teachers (2012-2015)
Visiting Professor, Seattle University School of Law (Summer 2013, 2015, 2018)
Assistant Professor, Saint Louis University School of Law, Saint Louis, MO (2010-2013)
“Muslim Radicalization in Prison: Responding with Sound Penal Policy or the Sound of Alarm,” in Islamophobia and the Law (Cyra Akila Choudhury & Khaled Beydoun, eds., Cambridge University Press 2020)(republished from 49 Gonzaga L.R. 37 (2014)).
“Implicit Bias in Criminal Justice: Growing Influence as an Insight to Systemic Oppression,” in The State of Criminal Justice 2020 (American Bar Association 2020).
Reimagining the Death Penalty: Targeting Christians, Conservatives, 68 Buff. L. Rev. 93 (2020).
“The Catholic Church Sex Scandal and the Dying Death Penalty: Issues at the Intersection of Religion, Crime, and Punishment,” in The State of Criminal Justice 2019 (American Bar Association 2019).
“Pushing Pro Bono for the Incarcerated and Those Reentering Society,” in The State of Criminal Justice 2018 (American Bar Association 2018).
American Prisons: A Critical Primer on Culture and Conversion to Islam (First Edition Design Publishing 2017).
Firepower to the People! Gun Rights and the Law of Self-defense to Curb Police Misconduct, 85 Tenn. L. Rev. 191 (2017).
“Drafting Legal Documents in a Doctrinal Class,” in Experiential Education in the Law School Curriculum (Carolina Academic Press 2017).
Not for Free: Exploring the Collateral Costs of Diversity in Legal Education, 48 U. Pacific L.R. 887 (2017).
Legal Punishment as Civil Ritual: Making Cultural Sense of Mass Incarceration, 5 E.C.I. Interdisc’y. J. L. & Soc. Pol’y. 1 (2017) (abridged republication from 82 Miss. L.J. 1 (2013)).
Keeping it REAL: Why Congress Must Act to Restore Pell Grant Funding to Prisoners, 11 U. Mass. L. Rev. 26 (2016).
Sonic Jihad: Muslim Hip Hop in the Age of Mass Incarceration, 11 Fl. Intl. U. L. Rev. 201 (2015).
"Raza Islamica: Prisons, Hip hop & Converting Converts,” in Hip Hop and the Law (Carolina Academic Press 2015)(republished from 22 Berkeley La Raza L.J. 175 (2012)).
Evolving Standards of Domination: Abandoning a Flawed Legal Standard and Approaching a New Era in Penal Reform, 90 Chicago-Kent L. Rev. 495 (2015).
How Mass Incarceration Underdevelops Latino Communities, in U.S. Latinos and Criminal Injustice (2015).
Shackles Beyond the Sentence: How Legal Financial Obligations Create a Permanent Underclass, 1 N.Y. L. Sch. Impact Ctr. Pub. Int. L. 46 (2015).
Redefining Gender Violence—Transcript from Converge! Reimagining the Movement to End Gender Violence, 5 Miami Race & Soc. Just. L. Rev. 289 (2015).
Foreward: From LatCrit to LatCrit 2.0—Institutionalizing a Movement and Cultivating Next-Generation Scholarship, 47 John Marshall L. Rev. 1167 (2014).
“Religion in Prison,” in Religion and America Cultures: Tradition, Diversity and Popular Expression (2d ed. 2014).
Spectacular or Specious? A Critical Review of the Spectacular Few: Prisoner Radicalization and the Evolving Terrorist Threat, 39 T. Marshall L. Rev. 225 (2014).
Introduction—Twenty Years after the Education Apocalypse: The Ongoing Fall Out from the 1994 Omnibus Crime Bill, 33 St. Louis U. Pub. L. Rev. 283 (2014) (with Mary Rachel Gould).
Economic Interest Convergence in Downsizing Imprisonment, 75 U. Pitt. L. Rev. 475 (2014).
Experiential Education as Critical Pedagogy: Enhancing the Law School Experience, 38 Nova L. Rev. 249 (2014) (with Stephanie Smith Ledesma).
Muslim Radicalization in Prison: Responding with Sound Penal Policy or the Sound of Alarm?, 49 Gonz. L. Rev. 37 (2014).
Legal Punishment as Civil Ritual: Making Cultural Sense of Harsh Punishment, 82 Miss. L.J. 1 (2013) (Lead Article).
Facts and Fictions About Islam in Prison: Assessing Prisoner Radicalization in Post-9/11 America, Institute for Social Policy & Understanding, Inst. for Soc. Pol’y & Understanding, Jan. 2013 Report.
Raza Islámica: Prisons, Hip Hop & Converting Converts, 22 Berkeley la Raza L.J. 175 (2012).
Religion as Rehabilitation? Reflections on Islam in the Correctional Setting, 34 Whittier L. Rev. 29 (2012).
Priorities of Pedagogy: Classroom Justice in the Law School Setting, 48 Cal. West. L. Rev. 467 (2012).
Why Obama is Black: Language, Law & Structures of Power, 1 Colum. J. Race & L. 468 (2012).
Enslaved by Words: Legalities and Limitations of ‘Post-Racial’ Language, 2011 Mich. St. L. Rev. 705 (2011).
Child Pornography Sentencing & Demographic Data: Reforming Through Research, 24 Fed. Sent’g Rep. 102 (2011).
Gender Violence in Prison & Hyper-masculinities in the ‘Hood: Cycles of Destructive Masculinity, 37 Wash. U. J.L. & Pol’y 89 (2011).
"Gang Intervention in the United States: Legal and Extra-Legal Attempts at Peacemaking," in Peacemaking from Theory to Practice (Andrea Bartoli et al. eds., 2011).
Legal Omission: A Reaction to Asian Americans and Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure, 2 Geo. J.L. & Mod. Critical Race Persp. 207 (2011).
“Prison Religion,” “Girard, Rene” and “Prayer Beads,” in Encyclopedia of Global Religions (Mark Juergensmeyer & Wade Clark Roof, eds., 2011).
“Criminal Justice,” in Richard Hecht and Vincent Biondo, eds., RELIGION IN THE PRACTICE OF DAILY LIFE (Praeger, 2010).
Mental Illness in Prison: Inmate Rehabilitation & Correctional Officers in Crisis, 14 BERKELEY J. OF CRIM. L. 277 (2009).
Manufacturing Social Violence: The Prison Paradox & Future Escapes, 11 BERKELEY J. OF AFRICAN-AM. L. & POL’Y 84 (2009).
God Behind Bars: Race, Religion & Revenge, 37 SETON HALL L. REV. 497 (2007).
Reimagining Revolution: A Critical Review of Simon Schama’s Rough Crossings: Britain, the Slaves, and the American Revolution, 9 BERKELEY J. OF AFRICAN-AM. L. & POL’Y 74 (2007).
Op-eds & Short Pieces
BLM, Blacks & The Elephant in the Room, Race and the Law Prof Blog (8/3/20).
The New Rap Sheet: Prosecuting Crimes, Chilling Free Speech, JOTWELL Criminal Law, May 7, 2020. Republished in 104 Judicature (2020).
Images of Irony, Race and the Law Prof Blog, 4/27/20.
A Most Vicious Cycle: Mass Shootings, Gun Rights, and Police Killings of Blacks, Race and the Law Prof Blog, 10/21/19.
Same-Sex Voting and Phallocentric Legislation—Toward Next Era Democracy?, Feminist Law Professors, 10/7/19.
Excusing Racism: The Persecution of Donald Trump, Race and the Law Prof Blog, 10/5/19.
Give Prisoners a Voice to Increase Prison Accountability, JOTWELL Criminal Law, 4/8/19.
Alabama Executes a Muslim and Extinguishes Religious Rights, The Islamic Monthly, 2/28/19.
What’s Implicit about Implicit Bias, Race and the Law Prof Blog, 2/06/19.
Kavanaugh’s Confirmation and the Legal Underpinnings of Rape Culture, American Constitution Society Blog, 12/12/18.
Thinking about Trump’s “Wall” through Pink Floyd’s, The Islamic Monthly, 11/29/18.
Islam in America: Salve for Strained Race Relations, Maydan, 11/6/18.
#TakeAKnee: Sports, Politics and Civil Religion, The Islamic Monthly 10/1/17.
Prison: A Sacred Space in American Islam, The Islamic Monthly, 8/23/17.
Finding Islam in Prison, The Saint Louis American, 8/16/17.
Color Coded Criminal Procedure—Exploring How Law Enables Racism, Disparate Treatment, Violence, Jotwell Criminal Law, 6/19/17.
Radical, Jihadist, Terrorist: The Difference and Why it Matters, The Islamic Monthly, 2/13/17.
Growing Support for Restoring Pell Grants to Prisoners, 22 Corrections Managers’ Report 37 (2016).
Trump Cries and Media Wolves, The Islamic Monthly, 10/31/16.
How Implicit Bias Drags Down Clinton, The Islamic Monthly, 10/7/16.
The Orlando Massacre and Death of Muhammad Ali: Lessons in Love & Hate for the 2016 Presidential Election, The Islamic Monthly, 10/7/16.
Exorcising Trump: Time's up for Religious Leaders, Huffington Post, 9/6/16.
Trump Stabs Supporters with Kaepernick, Huffington Post, 9/9/16.
The Wrath of Khan: Immigrants Shatter the Trump Narrative, The Islamic Monthly, 8/4/16.
Muhammad Ali's Death is Right on Time for Muslims, The Islamic Monthly, 6/10/16.
Trump Threatens to Awaken a Sleeping Giant, Huffington Post, 6/9/16.
Sonic Jihad: Muslim Hip Hop in the Age of Mass Incarceration, The Islamic Monthly, 4/27/16.
Fort Wayne Killings: Fostering Distrust in Policing, The Islamic Monthly, 3/4/16.
Crimmigration Law Comes of Age, Jotwell Criminal Law, 3/4/16.
Concealed Handgun Laws: (Fire)power to the People?, Huffington Post, 11/18/15.
Ben Carson: Islamophobe Extraordinaire, The Islamic Monthly, 9/23/15.
Rethinking Proportionality in Punishment, Jotwell Criminal Law, 6/10/15.
Protesting Islam—American Style, The Islamic Monthly, 6/3/15.
Revamping the Texas Rules of Evidence: Style Over Substance, Texas Young Lawyers Association, 2/26/15.
Arkansas Muslim Prisoner Wins a Case, Adds to Legal Legacy, The Islamic Monthly, 1/26/15.
Restore Pell Grants for Prisoners, Huffington Post, 1/16/15.
Prisons, Muslim Memory and the Making of a Terrorist, The Conversation, 1/9/15.
Experiential Education and the Law School Experience, 21 The Law Teacher 52 (2014).
Religion and Revolution: The Promise of a Fresh Look, Huffington Post, 10/20/14.
ISIS, Latinos & the Brunt of Border Politics, Huffington Post, 10/10/14.
The Education Apocalypse—20 years of Ongoing Fall Out, Huffington Post, 7/17/14.
The Muslim Vote: Down by Law, Huffington Post, 10/31/13.
What If They Force-fed Gandhi?,Huffington Post, 9/2/13.
Classroom Justice: Beyond Paper-Chase Pedagogy, 33 The Law Teacher 35 (2013).
Supremacist Terror Rising, Islamic Extremism on the Decline, Huffington Post, 4/9/13.
The Waning Pulse of Islamic Radicalization in America, The Islamic Monthly, 3/12/13.
Growing Faith: Prisons, Hip Hop & Islam, Huffington Post, 3/7/13.
Model Rule 6.1: A Lawyer’s Duty to Increase Access to Justice, The Young Lawyer, 11/5/12.
Questions about East Saint Louis Curfew, Saint Louis Beacon, 10/5/2012.
Legalize Marijuana for Racial-Justice Reasons, Seattle Times, 10/2/2012.
False Alarms on Islam, Saint Louis American, 8/9/2012.
Islam, Prisons and Latinos, Saint Louis American, 2/2/2012.
Obama Chokes on Medical Marijuana, Arizona State Law Journal Blog, 9/12/2011.
Guest commentary: Radical Islam in prisons is made in the USA, St. Louis Post Dispatch, 6/30/2011.
Radical Islam in Prison: Made in the USA, Huffington Post, 6/21/2011.
Islam in American Barrios & Prisons: Converts Reclaim Moorish Spain, Reject Church, Jadaliyya.com, 1/7/2011.